When you are considering bringing a new plant into your home, you most likely will look to see if it is poisonous in any way to your dog, cat or child. Which brings us to an important question. Are fiddle leaf figs poisonous?
The short answer is yes, potentially. But, only mildly so.
Fiddle leaf figs can cause slight dermatitis or irritation to your pet or child.
What are Fiddle Leaf Figs
Fiddle leaf figs are a member of a mulberry family. They have a white, sticky sap that can be irritating to some people or pets. It can cause blistering of the skin. You certainly want to keep it away from your eyes.
How to Determine Toxicity
These resources are very helpful when you are looking to determine the toxicity of your household plants.
This ASPCA site lists the fiddle leaf fig as a philodendron but that is incorrect. So be careful when reviewing toxicity articles.
How do we Measure Toxicity in Plants
When it comes to measuring toxicity, there are 4 classes of toxicity identification.
Toxicity Class 1
This signifies major toxicity that causes serious illness or death. Coming into contact with a Class 1 can cause you to go into a coma or have significant organ or liver damage.
Toxicity Class 2
Class 2 Toxicity is minor. It may cause a mine illness if ingested, like vomiting or diarrhea.
Toxicity Class 3
Oxalates are the next class where the sap contains oxalate crystals which can cause drooling and breathing difficulties if ingested. In this case, you would not want your dog or cat or child ingesting any plant identified as Class 3.
Toxicity Class 4
Dermatitis is identified in plants under Class 4 toxicity. Lip and mouth irritation will be present if the plant is ingested and it can cause skin irritation and rash if you have come in contact with the sap.
Which Plants Are Very Poisonous?
Some plants that are very poisonous are Azaleas, Mistletoe, Hydrangea, several Lily varieties, Oleander, Rhododendron to name a few.
Fiddle Leaf Philodendron or Horse Head Philodendron (philodendron bipennifolium) is poisonous and sometimes gets confused with Ficus Lyrata, fiddle leaf figs, because of its name.
Fiddle leaf Figs are Toxicity Class 4
Fiddle leaf figs are in the Toxicity Class 4. This means that when you handle your plant, you want to take care not to come into contact with the sap. Especially when pruning or propagating.
Wear gloves, put a tarp down, and stay safe.
Here are additional resources for you so you can take precautions with the plants you choose for your home to keep your pets and children safe:
To learn more:
- Sign up for our free Fiddle Leaf Fig Care 101 Webinar or our free Fiddle Leaf Fig Course, and make sure you’re subscribed to our newsletter.
- Download our free Propagation Guide
- Read The Fiddle Leaf Fig Expert, your complete guide to growing healthy fiddle leaf fig plants. The book is available in full-color paperback or Kindle edition on Amazon now.
Grab the Essentials for Your Fiddle Leaf Fig:
- Premium Fiddle Leaf Fig Potting Soil
- Fiddle Leaf Fig Plant Food
- Root Rot Treatment
- Houseplant Leaf Armor to protect against insects, bacteria, and fungus (As an added bonus, it also cleans and adds shine to your plant’s leaves!)
- Moisture meter to always know when your plant is thirsty.
- Houseplant Propagation Promoter to propagate more quickly and with more success.