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Fiddle leaf fig brown spots. The condition can be frustrating because it takes a bit of experience to determine what is causing the brown spots on your fiddle leaf fig.

The Ultimate Photo Identification Guide to Fiddle Leaf Fig Brown Spots

One of the most common concerns that fiddle leaf fig owners face is brown spots on the beautiful leaves of their plant. The condition can be frustrating and confusing because it takes a bit of experience to determine what is causing the brown spots on your fiddle leaf fig. It’s important to diagnose the problem quickly and treat your plant to help it fully recover.

Brown spots can occur due to a variety of issues:

  • Is your fiddle leaf fig too dry?
  • Are you overwatering your fiddle leaf fig?
  • Is is getting too much sun?
  • Is it not getting enough light?

I’ve found that the best way to tell what’s causing your brown spots is to review several photos of the most common conditions to identify the problem with your plant. Here’s your definitive photo guide to brown spots in fiddle leaf figs!

Fiddle Leaf Fig Brown Spots From Root Rot

Arguably the most common cause of brown spots in a fiddle leaf fig is root rot from over-watering.

Root rot is a fungal infection that takes place when the roots sit in water for too long and don’t have adequate drainage.

Fiddle leaf fig roots in particular need fast-draining soil and ample drainage. If your fiddle leaf fig has brown spots from root rot, you’ll want to act quickly. Try our Root Rot Treatment to treat your infection before it spreads, and use our Houseplant Leaf Armor to protect your fiddle leaf fig from bacteria, fungus, and insects.

Here are the telltale signs of root rot:

  • Very dark brown or black spots that spread throughout the leaf over days or weeks
  • Dark brown spots at the base of your leaf
  • Leaves that are dropping off of your plant

Root Rot in Fiddle Leaf Figs Photos

Root Rot on Fiddle Leaf Fig Leaves
Root Rot on Fiddle Leaf Fig Leaves
Brown Spots on the Bottom Leaves
Brown spots on the bottom leaves of a fiddle leaf fig often indicate root rot.
Spreading Black
Spreading black or dark brown spots followed by leaf drop commonly indicate root rot.
Black or Brown Spots
Black or brown spots spreading from the base of the leaf show root rot originating from deep within the plant.

Fiddle Leaf Fig Brown Spots From Bacterial Infection

Bacterial infections in fiddle leaf figs can be very frustrating and hard to treat.

The problem mimics the symptoms of brown spots from root rot, but is often more difficult to fix.

Here are the signs of a bacterial infection:

  • Brown spots will be lighter in color than from root rot, ranging from tan to dark brown.
  • Spots will form across the leaf, not necessarily at the edges or the base of the leaf as with root rot.
  • Your plant may drop leaves both at the bottom and top of the plant

Whether your brown spots are from root rot or a bacterial infection, our Root Rot Treatment will help your plant recover, and our Leaf Armor will protect it from future bacterial infection.

Bacterial Infection in Fiddle Leaf Figs Photos

Bacterial Infection
Brown spots from a bacterial infection are often lighter, ranging from tan to dark brown.
Bacterial Infection
Brown spots from a bacterial infection will affect all leaves throughout the plant equally.
Bacterial Infection
A bacterial infection can spread quickly and severely damage your fiddle leaf fig.

Fiddle Leaf Fig Brown Spots From Dryness

Very dry fiddle leaf fig plants can quickly develop brown spots, which typically are more tan in color than brown, and start at the edge of the leaf and spread inward.

This can happen slowly or very rapidly on a hot day, like for the fiddle leaf fig pictured below, which was left outdoors on a 110-degree day. This leaf completely dried out in less than 12 hours.

Fiddle Leaf Fig Brown Spots Dryness
This leaf completely dried out while outside on a 110-degree day.

In this next photo, you can see a completely dry plant that was left without water for over two months when its owner went on vacation. A telltale sign of dryness is the drooping of the leaves, which have lost their turgor pressure from lack of water.

Very dry Fiddle Leaf Fig Plant
Very dry fiddle leaf fig plant after being neglected for over two months.
Very Dry Plant
In a very dry plant, the leaves will droop due to a lack of turgor pressure.

Using a moisture meter like this one lets you know when your plant is thirsty. Consistent adequate water is essential for your fiddle leaf fig to thrive!

Read our Ultimate Watering Guide for more information.

Fiddle Leaf Fig Brown Spots From Physical Trauma

Brown spots on a new plant that show up a week or so after you move your plant are often from physical trauma. This is because the large leaves on a fiddle leaf fig are often damaged during a move and the bruises left of the plant will turn brown over time.

Often, these spots look like cracks or tears. Brown spots from physical trauma are certainly a bummer, but they do not need treatment and your plant will generally recover very well. The telltale sign of brown spots from physical trauma is that they appear on an otherwise very healthy leaf and plant.

Physical Trauma
Brown spots that show up a week or so after a move may be due to physical trauma.
Physical Trauma
Cracks and brown spots resulting from physical trauma will appear on an otherwise healthy leaf.
Physical Trauma
Cracks, holes, and brown spots can occur from bruising from physical trauma.

Fiddle Leaf Fig Brown Spots From Sunburn

If your plant gets too much direct sunlight, it can get a sunburn, which manifests as light brown spots that sometimes look bleached.

These spots will appear predominantly on the top leaves and can even show some red and yellow coloring, depending on how recent the burn is. The leaves should be removed by pruning, and the plant should be relocated to a more protected location.

Indicate Sunburn
Bleached or brown spots that occur on the top leaves of a plant may indicate sunburn.
Sunburns
Sunburns in fiddle leaf fig plants can range from brown in color to red or yellow.
Mild Sunburn
This fiddle leaf fig leaf displays a mild sunburn.

Even though fiddle leaf fig leaves are susceptible to sunburn, you are able to acclimate your plant slowly to direct sunlight. Read more and watch the following video about how best to acclimate your plant to full sun.

What Should You Do About Brown Spots on a Fiddle Leaf Fig?

Once you’ve diagnosed the cause of your fiddle leaf fig plant’s brown spots, you’ll want to correct the issue in a hurry to help your plant make a full recovery.

To spots the brown spots and keep them from returning:

If your fiddle leaf fig still needs help or you would like to protect it in the future, we’ve spent over a year creating a treatment to protect your plant from root rot infections.

Our Root Rot Treatment is a natural plant bio-stimulator, enhancing your plant’s existing immune response and promoting growth.

Root Supplement

It was designed with input from microbiologists, fiddle leaf fig growers, and botanists. It provides protection against the common Pythium, Pphytophthora, and pseudo-fungi that cause root rot in fiddle leaf figs. It’s gentle and safe for your plant, designed to be used every time you water, along with fiddle leaf fig plant food. Get your Root Rot Treatment today on Amazon.

Another incredible product we’ve designed is our Houseplant Leaf Armor, created to protect your plant from bacteria, fungus, and insects. As an added bonus, it also cleans and adds shine to your plant’s leaves!

Will the Damaged Fiddle Leaf Fig Leaves Repair Themselves?

Unfortunately, damaged fiddle leaf fig leaves will not repair themselves. If the brown spots bother you, you can remove the entire leaf from the plant with clean, sharp pruning shears. Take care not to remove more than 10% of total leaves at once to avoid shocking your plant.

How to Avoid Fiddle Leaf Fig Brown Spots in the Future

Proper care is the only way to avoid brown spots in the future. If your plant is suffering from root rot, you may need to repot it into a container with better drainage and fast-draining potting soil.

If a bacterial infection is to blame, correcting the watering conditions and waiting it out is your best bet. Very dry plants will recover after a good soaking and protection from too much heat.

Using our Houseplant Leaf Armor is a great way to protect your plant from bacteria, fungus, and insects, and it also cleans and shines your plant’s leaves in the process!

Physical trauma is the easiest condition to treat, as you just need to give your plant time and TLC to heal. Finally, sunburned leaves will need to be removed and the plant should be protected from the sun.

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